Dubuque does not have experience installing duct banks for all utilities as you describe, but we do install fiber optic conduit banks under all city street and alley projects and we require private developers to install city owned fiber optic duct banks on their projects. Dubuque has been doing this for over 10 years and has been able to connect many city facilities with fiber through this process, including our traffic lights and a robust network of security cameras. This leaves many of the ducts without fiber. Initially we approached the large telecommunication companies about leasing some space with no luck. Now what has happened is smaller, more entrepreneurial firms are using the space. Usually it is not a straight up lease, but a trade for services or allowing the city to use some duct they installed in a place where there is not yet city duct. The trade for services has significantly decreased city IT costs and helped our Library and the Multicultural Family Center provide greater computer access for the public. This has gotten the attention of the larger firms who see that they left open a huge opportunity for smaller firms and I believe their will be further discussions with them. Eventually, this could lead to a city owned network of new services to the public (such a city utility has been approved by referendum), but that is not our preferred outcome. We want to see a higher level of services to the citizens and businesses at a more competitive price and we want to minimize city costs.We have initiated a process where a city utility is installed (water and sanitary sewer) the city will share the easement with electric, gas and telecommunication providers, so they will not have to go through the process of negotiating their own easements.